Write an Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
This country of humanity, peace and non-violence was sacrificed on our communal hysteria. On 30 January 1948, at five o’clock in the evening, Nathuram Godse fired three bullets at Gandhiji at the prayer meeting-place and saying “Hey Ram” Mahatma Gandhi fell asleep in Chirnidda. The life of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi was spent in making the country independent, untouchables, village reforms and establishing Hindu-Muslim unity. Therefore, by adopting his orders, we should complete his unfinished works, this will be our true tribute to the father of the nation. Keep Reading on Digitranic more.
Mahatma Gandhi is known as the ‘Father of the Nation’. He led the national freedom struggle against the British rule. Gandhiji is known to the world for his concept and practice of non-violence. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Diwan (Chief Minister) of Porbandar.
His mother Putlibai was a religious woman. Therefore, Gandhiji was brought up in a religious household following the doctrine of Vaishnavism (worship of Lord Vishnu) and Jainism. Ahimsa (non-injury to all living beings) both religions Gandhiji received formal education in Rajkot and Bhavnagar (India). He studied law in England and became a barrister in 1891.
In 1893: Write an Essay on Mahatma Gandhi
In 1893 he went to South Africa as legal advice to an Indian firm. Mahatma Gandhi was shocked to see the racial discrimination there. He protested against the South African government and was repeatedly imprisoned. Mahatma Gandhi returned to India and established the Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad. When he allowed Harijans in the ashram, orthodox Hindus opposed it. Due to his initiative and activism in South Africa, he became a popular figure in India and other British colonies.
Return to India
Therefore, on his return to India, he was hailed as an honorable leader. Earlier, during his studies in London, he came in contact with the greats like Edward Carpenter, George Bernard Shaw and Annie Besant. He inspired her to lead the freedom struggle in India. During the movement against the Rowlatt Act, a new leader, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, took charge of the nationalist movement.
Under his leadership
Under his leadership, a new form of struggle (non-cooperation) and a new technique of protest (Satyagraha) were implemented against the British in India. In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi launched the first Satyagraha campaign in India in Champaran (Bihar). The farmers of the district’s indigo plantations were highly repressed by European plantations.
They were forced to grow indigo at least 3/20th of their country and sell it at prices fixed by the planters. Mahatma Gandhi tried to create awareness among the people about his rights and duties. Thus he won the first war of civil disobedience in India. To propagate his ideas, he edited two magazines, Navjeevan and Young India, later, Young India was renamed as Harijan.
Empathy and Understanding
He had a basic empathy and understanding about the problems and psychology of the Indian peasantry. Therefore, he was able to appeal to it and bring it into the mainstream of the national movement. Thus he was able to awaken and unite all sections of the Indian people in a militant mass national movement. During the protests against the Rowlatt Act, martial law was declared in Punjab and the Jallianwalla Bagh tragedy occurred. Gandhiji realized that unity between Hindus and Muslims was necessary.
He felt that non-co-operation was the proper way to get justice from the British government. With the Khilafat movement a new stream came in the nationalist movement. The All India Khilafat Conference held in Delhi in November 1919 decided to withdraw all cooperation to the government. Mahatma Gandhi saw the Khilafat movement as “an opportunity to unite Hindus and Muslims, possibly (otherwise) in a hundred years”.
He became one of the leaders of the Khilafat movement. Thus, in 1920, under the leadership of Gandhi, the non-cooperation movement spread nationwide. But, due to the Chauri-Chaura incident in Bihar, he called the movement. In March 1922, Gandhi was sentenced to six years’ imprisonment for writing a ‘conspiratorial article’. He was released on medical grounds in 1924. He campaigned vigorously for Khadi and Swadeshi.
Gandhiji started the Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930. To violate the Salt Act, his famous march known as Dandi March started from Sabarmati Ashram and went till Dandi Beach. Gandhi represented the Indian National Congress (INC) at the Second Round Table Conference in London. This conference was not useful as it focused on the communal issues of India instead of giving independence to India. Gandhiji was arrested on his return for intending to restart the Solid Dissent movement.
On January 30, 1948
On January 30, 1948, in the prayer hall at Birla House, Delhi, she was assassinated by a fanatic ‘Nathuram Godse’. Gandhiji contributed immensely to the awareness of nationalism in India. Rabindranath Tagore was the first to call him ‘Mahatma’. He is rightly called the ‘Father of the Nation’. He was the architect of modern India. It will not be exaggerated that the principle of non-violence or non-violence gave India independence. Mahatma Gandhi was the biggest advocate of Hindu-Muslim unity.
He can rightly be called an ‘apostle’ of communal harmony. Although Gandhiji died, he left his work as his message to humanity. Non-violence, truthfulness and simple living were his high ideals. He was also the leader of Gram Swaraj or Gram Panchayat. He said that Indian villages should be free from evils like untouchability, communal feelings and should be self-reliant. Thus, he talked about cooperatives and Panchayat Raj system in villages. He encouraged the growth and development of cottage industries.
He was not in favor of western type of industrialization. He realized that this would lead to further unemployment in India. He believed that only cottage industry could provide employment to a large number of workers in our country. The great scientist Albert Einstein once said, “For generations to come it will be difficult for generations to believe that such men ever walk the earth in flesh and blood.” Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru told that the essence of Mahatma Gandhi’s education was fearlessness and he taught us not to be afraid of the British rule or the misery of the society. Keep reading on digitranic